1. Energy storage for renewable energy sources: Magnetic flow batteries can store energy generated by solar panels and wind turbines, helping to address the intermittent nature of these renewable energy sources.
  2. Grid-scale energy storage: Magnetic flow batteries can be used to store excess energy generated by power plants during off-peak hours, which can then be used during peak demand periods.
  3. Backup power for critical infrastructure: Magnetic flow batteries can provide reliable backup power for critical infrastructure such as hospitals, data centers, and emergency response systems.
  4. Electric vehicles: Magnetic flow batteries have the potential to revolutionize the electric vehicle industry by providing high energy density, long life span, and fast charging times.